There is no falsification before the emergence of a better theory.
The clash between Popper and Kuhn is not about a mere technical point in epistemology.
Blind commitment to a theory is not an intellectual virtue: it is an intellectual crime.
Research programmes, besides their negative heuristic, are also characterized by their positive heuristic.
The positive heuristic of the programme saves the scientist from becoming confused by the ocean of anomalies.
Philosophy of science without history of science is empty; history of science without philosophy of science is blind.
The classical example of a successful research programme is Newton's gravitational theory: possibly the most successful research programme ever.
Indeed, this epistemological theory of the relation between theory and experiment differs sharply from the epistemological theory of naive falsificationism.
Einstein's results again turned the tables and now very few philosophers or scientists still think that scientific knowledge is, or can be, proven knowledge.
Our empirical criterion for a series of theories is that it should produce new facts. The idea of growth and the concept of empirical character are soldered into one.